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Flu wave is coming: Now for the flu shot: nasal spray with vaccine for children
The time has come for the sniffing and coughing to begin. Winter is coming and with it the next wave of flu. Most of these started in January / February in the last few years. The best time for a flu shot is in October or November. Novel nasal sprays with a live vaccine are now also available for children.
Vaccination in October and November It is not far to the next flu wave and if you want to protect yourself from body aches, headache, sore throat, cough, runny nose and fever, experts should already be vaccinated. Especially people at risk, such as the chronically ill, are advised to think about it in good time. According to doctors and health authorities, October and November are the best times for vaccination because it builds up protection before the flu wave really starts. In Germany you can count on a more or less strong flu wave every year, which in the past years mostly started in January / February. However, the severity of a flu season cannot be predicted exactly.
Flu from zero to a hundred Dr. Karin Müller, head of the health department of the Kassel region, said the 2012/2013 flu wave was unusually long and difficult with a duration of 19 weeks. "There were an estimated 7.7 million flu-related visits to the doctor nationwide with 3.4 million sick days, which is a new record for the past ten years," said the doctor. Nationwide, several thousand people would be killed by the flu each year. Müller continues: "In contrast to the so-called flu-like infection, which usually begins slowly with headache, body aches, runny nose and sore throat, the onset of the flu is suddenly within a few hours from zero to a hundred." sick and are barely resilient. ”If, as is often the case with older people or the chronically ill, the immune system is also weakened, the infection with the influenza virus can be fatal in extreme cases.
Vaccination recommended for high-risk groups Therefore, the Standing Vaccination Commission (STIKO) primarily recommends vaccination for older people over the age of 60, chronically ill people with basic diseases such as diabetes, asthma or cardiovascular diseases, medical staff and pregnant women from the second trimester of pregnancy, because they count to the risk groups. However, no vaccine protects the vaccinated 100 percent. This is particularly true for groups of people whose immune system generally responds less well to vaccinations or those who are vaccinated too late and may become ill before vaccination protection is established, which is usually the case after 10 to 14 days. The vaccinated can also lead to an influenza disease, which may, however, be milder.
Nasal sprays for children People who had been vaccinated in the previous year should get protection again because of the declining effect and because of the constantly changing pathogens. Experts recommend that patients who are currently experiencing an infection and have a fever above 38.5 degrees fever postpone a vaccination. For children from two years and adolescents up to 18 years, there is also the option of receiving a so-called live vaccine via a nasal spray. According to studies, this novel vaccine shows a better protective effect, at least in younger children. The statutory health insurers cover the costs for over 60-year-olds and other risk groups for whom vaccination recommendations exist. In addition, a whole range of health insurers also pay for all other people who want to be vaccinated.
Reservations in naturopathy The risk of infection can also be reduced by simple hygienic measures, in addition to vaccination. Regular hand washing is recommended, as is coughing and sneezing in the crook of the arm or in a disposable handkerchief. In addition, people suffering from flu should avoid close contact with people at risk. In Germany there is a certain mistrust of flu vaccinations and since the vaccines contain mostly active ingredients as well as preservatives based on formaldehyde and mercury compounds, there are also considerable reservations in naturopathy about comprehensive flu vaccinations. It is also pointed out here that the flu viruses are partly cultivated in egg protein and people with allergies should therefore be careful. (ad)
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