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Tantrums, increased risk tolerance and aggression can indicate depression in men
When men suffer from depression, they usually have different symptoms than women. Tantrums, aggression and an increased willingness to take risks can be an indication of the disease. This was announced by the German Society for Psychosomatic Medicine and Medical Psychotherapy (DGPM) in Berlin with regard to a new US study to the news agency "afp". While women mostly suffered from sadness, listlessness and sleep disorders, men often reacted very differently.
Depression diagnosis in men shows significant deficits As part of an investigation by researchers from the University of Michigan, the data from a nationwide survey involving around 5,700 people were evaluated. As it turned out, men showed completely different symptoms than women when they had depression. On the basis of these results, the researchers created a catalog of criteria in which the traditional symptoms of depression, as well as the symptoms typical of men, were listed.
Overall, 30.6 percent of the male and 33.3 percent of the female study participants suffered from depression. While it was previously assumed that significantly more women than men suffer from the mental illness, the study showed that there is hardly any difference between the sexes. According to the previous diagnostic criteria, 25 percent of women and only 12 percent of men in the study suffered from depression.
The results of the investigation were published in the specialist magazine "JAMA".
Women are not more susceptible to depression, men only suffer more secretly. According to the DGPM, the study refutes the prevailing opinion that women are more susceptible to the disease. The main reason for this assumption is deficits in diagnostics. Women are still twice as likely to be treated for depression as men. The experts would like to see men deal with mental illnesses more openly in the future. "Talking to the doctor about his state of mind, let alone reporting depressive moods, is still a taboo for many men," said Harald Gündel, DGPM spokesman for the news agency.
As the Foundation for Men's Health explained in April of this year with reference to the men's health report, the proportion of mental disorders among men as the cause of inability to work has been almost twice as high since 2000. According to this, depression was diagnosed in nine percent of men. According to the foundation, the number of unreported cases is very likely significantly higher. According to the experts, men would suffer more secretly. This is also supported by the significant increase in the suicide rate among men. According to the Federal Ministry of Health, around four million people in Germany are affected by depression. (ag)